Dr. Sergio Cortes, a specialist about the Zika virus, talked about the virus and has helped bring to light what this virus is and how to avoid the virus. The Zika virus was first noted some 40 years ago on the continent of Africa. Over the next couple of decades, the virus traveled through parts of Asia. Recently, the Zika virus appeared in Latin America. The Zika virus is carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
The first case of Zika appeared in Brazil in April of 2015. The virus has spread quickly and caused great concern among the medical professionals. If the disease is detected quickly and early enough, it can be controlled easily. One thing that has medical experts worried is the link between Zika and microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Guillain-Barre Syndrome is a neurological disease with an autoimmune origin which can be linked to the Zika virus.
Dr. Cortes spoke about several issues and concerns about the Zika virus to help reassure the general public. These issues include Transmission, Symptoms and Diagnosis, Treatment, Recommendations for Pregnant Women, and Prevention. Transmission of this virus is by mosquito. These mosquito lays eggs in good clean water but has adapted to other types if needed. This disease is not contagious. You must be bitten by the mosquito. The person bitten by an infected mosquito is then infected. If a mosquito isn’t carrying the virus, they may bite a person who has been infected by another mosquito and then become infected as well starting a non ending chain.
The symptoms that are most common include fever, muscle pain, and a skin rash. Symptoms are not very aggressive and usually only last a week at the most. Diagnosis is only done by an examination. There are no tests to identify the virus. Treatment is geared to the symptoms so the infected person has some relief. There is not cure for the Zika virus. Doctors treat the symptoms. Symptoms may vary from person to person. Doctors may prescribe an anti-inflammatory or an analgesic remedy. Pregnant women or women planning on becoming pregnant should take precautions to not be bitten by insects. Plan on staying indoors during the worse time insects are known to bite. Use clothing that covers most of the body to avoid bites. Use repellents and even use mosquito netting at night to avoid being bitten while you are asleep.